How to Build Your Own Computer, Part Five: Tweaking Your New Computer

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Congratulations, you’ve efficiently chosen elements, assembled your individual PC, and put in Home windows! Now you may get to…no matter it’s that you really want to get to, I assume. Do players nonetheless “pown noobs?” Is that also a factor?

Truly, earlier than you leap in to [noob farming and/or ranching/a 12-hour Pinterest binge/watching every Cracked video ever/reading more How-To Geek], you in all probability need to take a couple of minutes to replace and defend your shiny new PC. Listed here are just a few steps you need to take earlier than doing anything.

Verify Your

Earlier than we do anything, test to ensure that all that you put in is definitely being detected by Home windows. First, press the Home windows button in your keyboard, then sort “About.” Click on the hyperlink to “About your PC” that seems within the Begin menu.

You’ll see the PC’s title, the processor mannequin and pace, and the quantity of RAM detected by the system. The RAM is especially essential right here: make certain the full matches what you put in. If it doesn’t, you could have a defective RAM DIMM or one among them will not be correctly seated. Shut down the PC and test the RAM on the motherboard.

Subsequent, press the Home windows button and kind “This PC,” then click on the primary end result. Right here you’ll see a listing of all of your account folders and the pc’s put in drives; ensure that the variety of drives and their storage quantity is identical as what you have been anticipating.

To test for different elements, just like the graphics card or the entrance USB panel, press the Home windows button and kind “Machine Supervisor” then click on the primary end result. This window has a nested listing of each single part put in in your laptop, together with all of the little stuff in your motherboard you in all probability haven’t even thought of. Should you’re searching for one thing particular, simply test below the related label. For instance, graphics playing cards are listed below “Show Adapters.”

If something is linked, however not acknowledged or put in with an applicable driver, it can present up with a yellow icon and generally be labelled “Unknown gadget.” You’ll want to monitor down a driver for it.

Maintain Home windows Up to date

Sure, updating Home windows is time-consuming and boring. It’s additionally one of the vital essential elements of holding your laptop operating nicely. And since Microsoft updates the working system extra incessantly than they do the Home windows ISO or the Media Creation Software, you in all probability want some updates proper off the bat.

Fortunately, this can be a very easy course of. Press the Home windows key in your keyboard, sort “updates,” then click on on the primary end result within the Begin menu, “Verify for Updates.”

That is the Home windows Replace part of the Home windows 10 settings menu. Simply click on “Verify for updates” and the OS will name out to Microsoft’s servers and obtain the most recent needed information, then set up them. Chances are you’ll want to reboot so as to truly apply the bigger updates.

Home windows 10 has a nasty behavior of rebooting itself with out your permission if it’s sat too lengthy with un-applied updates. Right here’s how to remedy that downside.

Set Up Your Antivirus and Anti-Malware Software program

Again once I began constructing PCs, everybody appeared to have a distinct advice for anti-virus and firewall packages. However issues have gotten loads easier since then. Microsoft has developed its personal built-in antivirus answer that comes free with Home windows, and it’s truly fairly nice. It’s referred to as Home windows Defender. You don’t even want to do something to preserve it working—Home windows Replace will preserve its listing of dangerous viruses, trojans, and different nasty stuff up to date routinely, and it’ll provide you with a warning if it detects something. You possibly can take a look at this information for extra on how to use and configure Home windows Defender although, for those who like.

Likewise, the built-in firewall for Home windows (additionally below the “Defender” model title) is greater than enough. And like Home windows Defender, it it’s up and operating by default, will replace itself within the background, and third-party purposes will provide you with a warning in the event that they request permission to entry exterior servers as you go alongside. For superior firewall administration, take a look at this information.


All that stated, whereas Home windows’ built-in instruments are fairly good, we additionally suggest putting in Malwarebytes Anti-Malware as nicely. It’s a bit extra aggressive than Home windows’ built-in instruments, particularly when it comes to stopping browser exploits and issues like that. Consider it this fashion: Home windows Defender is designed to cease malware you set in your system, Malwarebytes is designed to cease malware earlier than it even will get to your system.

In order for you always-on safety—and we extremely suggest it—you’ll want to pay for Malwarebytes Premium for $40 per 12 months. You obtain Malwarebytes totally free and run occasional scans, however Malwarebytes’ actual energy comes from its anti-exploit safety. You will get a beta model of anti-exploit totally free  to run alongside Malwarebytes’ free model, and this may at the least get you some—however not all—of the safety of the premium model.


Safe Your Drives

Should you’re holding any private data in your laptop in any respect, you’ll need to encrypt your storage drives. Encryption is a safety measure that permits you, and solely you, to entry that knowledge. Anybody with out your password or different figuring out data received’t have entry to it even when they steal your laptop or drive—the one possibility they’ll have is to fully wipe it.

Home windows 10 Professional has a built-in encryption device referred to as Bitlocker. It’s very easy to arrange: go to the “This PC” folder in Home windows Explorer, right-click on any drive, after which click on “Activate BitLocker.” You’l then be requested to create password (it may be completely different out of your Home windows password) or use a flash drive as an unlock key.

Notice that the cheaper Home windows 10 Dwelling launch doesn’t embrace BitLocker options. In order for you further safety, you’ll want to both improve your license (accessible from the “About your PC” settings menu) or encrypt your drive with a third-party program like VeraCrypt.

You’re Finished!

Now you are able to do roughly no matter you need together with your PC, secure within the data that it’s about as safe and clear as it may be. You’ll in all probability need to begin by putting in the Chrome or Firefox net browser (for those who didn’t already do this earlier than putting in drivers…heh). You might also need to take a look at these important Home windows articles for extra concepts:

You possibly can see much more Home windows tweaks and guides at our Home windows portal. Take pleasure in your new PC!

In order for you to leap again to one other half within the information, right here’s the entire thing:

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