How to Build Your Own Computer, Part Three: Getting the BIOS Ready

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So that you’ve rigorously picked out some elements and constructed a pc, but it surely doesn’t actually do something…but. Earlier than we hop into putting in your working system, we’d like to take a fast have a look at the BIOS and put together it for our working system.

BIOS stands for “Fundamental Enter-Output System.” It’s a tiny program that’s saved on a small reminiscence chip in your motherboard, and it runs in your pc earlier than the working system does, setting the whole lot up and permitting you to change fundamental settings. It’s what permits you to set up a brand new working system, overwrite an previous one, or do extra technical stuff like overclock your processor.

(Technically, most new motherboards together with ours are loaded with a extra superior form of pre-boot surroundings known as a Unified Extensible Firmware Interface, or UEFI. It has a ton of recent and helpful options to higher help trendy . However everybody nonetheless calls it “the BIOS,” as a result of it covers all of the identical bases.)

Getting Into the BIOS

In the event you don’t have an working system put in in your storage drive, the UEFI/BIOS program ought to begin instantly if you flip your pc on. If it doesn’t, check out the splash display (the one together with your motherboard’s brand or textual content): it’ll have instructions on how to begin it.

Often you do that by shortly urgent F1, F2, F11, F12, Delete, or another secondary key in your keyboard because it boots. (On our Gigabyte keyboard, the command is “Delete,” in the lower-left portion of the display above.) In the event you don’t get it on the first strive, simply flip the pc off and provides it one other go.

When you’re in, there are some things you might have considered trying to do.

Replace Your BIOS or UEFI (Non-obligatory)

Likelihood is, your motherboard isn’t operating the newest model of its UEFI. Updating it helps to help new options, patch bugs and safety vulnerabilities, and customarily give the place a little bit of spit-and-polish. As a result of the UEFI runs earlier than the full working system, it doesn’t have a approach to replace itself over the Web, and also you’ll want to do it manually.

Word that you just don’t usually want the newest model of the motherboard firmware, until you run into particular compatibility issues with newer and options. For instance, when you’ve got a last-generation motherboard and a current-generation CPU that occurs to use the identical socket, you could want to replace it for the CPU to work correctly. Updating can be typically really helpful for particular, vital safety updates or bugs.

You possibly can examine for the newest model of your UEFI/BIOS by placing the mannequin quantity into Google and including “BIOS replace.” (Examine the field or considered one of the UEFI menus should you don’t know your motherboard mannequin.) In your producer’s product web page you’ll discover a listing of updates, normally beneath “Assist.” Obtain the newest one in case your UEFI isn’t already operating it.

Once more, for every producer this course of is somewhat totally different, however kind of all of them ought to have some technique of updating the UEFI program with out an working system put in. In the case of our Gigabyte motherboard, the course of went one thing like this:

  1. Obtain the up to date UEFI file from the Gigabyte web site (on one other, working pc, after all).
  2. Switch the file to a USB drive.
  3. Plug the drive into the new pc, begin up UEFI, and press F8.
  4. Comply with the on-screen directions to set up the newest model of UEFI.
  5. Reboot.

Your motherboard and BIOS/UEFI will observe the identical common steps, however not essentially precisely. You possibly can normally discover the course of with a fast Google search. If for some motive you’ll be able to’t get it working, don’t fear: motherboard producers additionally regularly supply packages that may replace the BIOS/UEFI when you get Home windows up and operating, too.

Examine Your Storage Drives

Subsequent, examine to ensure that your motherboard can acknowledge your storage drive. If it may’t, the Home windows setup utility you employ in the subsequent article gained’t have something to set up to.

The directions listed here are sadly going to be a bit obscure, as a result of each firm’s UEFI program is laid out in another way. All we’re actually attempting to do is use the web page that manages the storage drives. On our Gigabyte motherboard, that is discovered beneath the “BIOS” tab (as a result of the new UEFI consists of all of the previous “BIOS” settings, you see).

I’ve chosen “Boot Choice #1,” the very first thing that the BIOS will try to boot. If this fails, it’ll proceed to the second choice. Below the obtainable listing, you’ll be able to see the Corsair stable state drive we put in in the final article. In the event you’re putting in your working system with a DVD drive, be sure you can see it right here too. (Typically each are labelled “SATA” for his or her motherboard connections.)

In the event you don’t see your drive or drives, double-check the energy and SATA information cables in your case. In the event you’ve verified that they’re linked and you continue to can’t see the drives in BIOS, you might have to change them.

Going Additional with Different Tweaks

There’s a whole lot of different attention-grabbing stuff you are able to do together with your pc’s UEFI or BIOS, however none of it’s actually obligatory to get an working system up and operating. Be happy to poke round at a few of the choices; most of it’s self-explanatory, like powering up the pc when the mouse or keyboard is touched. In the event you don’t perceive what one thing controls, don’t contact it with out doing a Google search first.

Listed below are a few of the extra attention-grabbing choices in the BIOS and UEFI we suggest testing, so long as you’re feeling snug doing so:

When you’re carried out with the whole lot in the BIOS and UEFI, head to the subsequent article to set up Home windows. Word that you just’ll want one other working pc with entry to the Web should you don’t have already got an set up disc or USB drive prepared.

Or, if you would like to soar to one other half in the information, right here’s the entire factor:

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